Markham T&L Blog

July 12, 2019

Article: The Components of Direct Instruction

Author: Cathy L. Watkins, Timothy A. Slocum

Reading Time: 2 hours

The purpose of this article is to summarise the ideas behind Direct Instruction (DI), dispel some of the myths around it, and give an overview of the research base.

“The purpose of Direct Inst...

July 5, 2019

I have just finished reading High-Impact Instruction by Jim Knight. I received this book as part of the Instructional Coaching Institute I attended in April.

As part of the IMPACT Cycle of instructional coaching, Knight says that coaches must have a secure understanding of strategies that they can he...

November 8, 2018

Seven Myths about Education is an exploration of some widely held ideas about education, and how they are not true. Daisy Christodoulou expresses her annoyance that she was told these ideas as facts as a young teacher, and explains in detail why she now believes them to be untrue.

For each of the sev...

May 18, 2018

Recently I have been looking into the idea of Cognitive Biases (, both from a personal level and an educational level. As I read more research, I am becoming more aware of the fact that I have certain "gut reactions" to what I read, and the discussions I have with people, and th...

March 7, 2018

Article: How Knowledge Helps

Author: Daniel T. Willingham 

Article Reading Time: 20 minutes (11 pages)

"It's true that knowledge gives students something to think about, but a reading of the research literature from cognitive science shows that knowledge does much more than just help students hone thei...

February 9, 2018

This post is a summary of the book Making Every Lesson Count by Shaun Allison and Andy Tharby.

The book aims to provide a set of strategies, based on research and anecdotal evidence, that teachers can implement to improve their teaching. Most strategies are accompanied by an anecdote on successful (o...

October 30, 2017

I would say that this is often one of the weakest areas of practice in teaching in relation to how important it is: checking that students know and understand what we think we have taught them.

If I tell you something or explain something to you I want to be sure that you’ve understood it now and are...

September 21, 2017

I’ve taught at two schools in my career.

The first, in California, had a dozen teachers in total. I adored my colleagues, but we each had our own domain. I handled Trig, Precalc, Calculus, and Stats. Soon I fell into unquestioned habits, built on assumptions I didn’t know I was making.

My second schoo...

September 11, 2017

Article: Principles of Instruction: Research-Based Strategies That All Teachers Should Know

Author: Barak Rosenshine

 Image credit: Oliver Caviglioli (@olivercaviglioli)

"The most effective teachers ensured that students efficiently acquired, rehearsed, and connected knowledge. Many went on to hands-on...

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