Markham T&L Blog

December 23, 2019

Article: Ten Benefits of Testing and Their Applications to Educational Practice

Author: Henry L. Roediger III, Adam L. Putnam and Megan A. Smith

This article explores 10 benefits of testing on the educational outcomes of students, based on research mainly in cognitive science. Each of the benefits is...

September 13, 2019

The Ingredients For Great Teaching is an evidence informed book by Pedro De Bruyckere on some broad themes that help make teaching great. In the foreword, Daniel Willingham makes the important point that science is probabilistic in nature, and that a result can be "reliable without being universal"....

May 21, 2019

"In your best explanations, your artistry with words will transform complicated and abstract material into something clear and meaningful" (Allison and Tharby, 2015).

In this post I am going to briefly review some key points about explanations and modelling within the classroom setting. For a thoroug...

May 18, 2018

Recently I have been looking into the idea of Cognitive Biases (, both from a personal level and an educational level. As I read more research, I am becoming more aware of the fact that I have certain "gut reactions" to what I read, and the discussions I have with people, and th...

April 4, 2018

Article: The Science of Learning

Author: Deans for Impact

Article Reading Time: 20 minutes


The Science of Learning is a summary document on areas of cognitive science which are directly linked to how students learn. It takes the research and gives practical implications for teachers. It is found...

March 14, 2018

In this post I am going to share some of the ideas I use in my day to day lessons. These aren't lessons that I have prepared specifically for an observation, or those one-off lessons designed to engage/challenge students beyond the curriculum. These are the bread and butter of my teaching. The thing...

March 7, 2018

Article: How Knowledge Helps

Author: Daniel T. Willingham 

Article Reading Time: 20 minutes (11 pages)

"It's true that knowledge gives students something to think about, but a reading of the research literature from cognitive science shows that knowledge does much more than just help students hone thei...

February 9, 2018

This post is a summary of the book Making Every Lesson Count by Shaun Allison and Andy Tharby.

The book aims to provide a set of strategies, based on research and anecdotal evidence, that teachers can implement to improve their teaching. Most strategies are accompanied by an anecdote on successful (o...

November 15, 2017

Silver Arrows?

It’s very hard to change your practice.  We’re all so busy, very often it is difficult to create space to fully explore a set of ideas and to deliberately adapt our teaching routines to absorb something new.  At the same time, we’re often bombarded with initiatives and issues to addres...

October 30, 2017

I would say that this is often one of the weakest areas of practice in teaching in relation to how important it is: checking that students know and understand what we think we have taught them.

If I tell you something or explain something to you I want to be sure that you’ve understood it now and are...

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